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Cancer screening

Cancer screening aims to identify cancer prior to the appearance of symptoms. This includes blood tests, urine tests; DNA tests other tests, or medical imaging. Risk screening identifies people who are at a high risk of developing cancer, such as people with a family history of cancer and adverse lifestyle factors such as alcohol and smoking. Screening for cancer can lead to earlier diagnosis and subsequently cancer prevention. Early diagnosis not only improves the prognosis but also improves the quality of life of the individuals.

Cervical dysplasia

Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous condition involving atypical cell growth on the surface lining of the cervix or endocervical canal, the opening present between the uterus and the vagina

Causes

  • Human papillovirus infection (HPV 16, 18)
  • Smoking
  • Immunosuppressive drugs
  • HIV infection

Diagnosis

Appropriate tests to detect the presence of cervical dysplasia

  • Pap smear
  • Endocervical curettage
  • Cone biopsy or loop electrosurgical excision procedure
  • HPV DNA test

Treatment

Treatment for cervical dysplasia includes two of the above mentioned diagnostic procedures used for diagnosis i.e. cone biopsy and loop electrosurgical excision procedure

Other treatments include

  • Cryosurgery
  • Electrocauterization
  • Laser surgery
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